Im going to give you the 911 and 411 on pruning. I decided to use roses because it seems majority have them, and majority do not know how to care for them, and many renters and home owners alike have this monstrosity growing in their yard or end up with a butchered rose bush every year.....hoping it will do better next year. I reallized how many people are intimidated by rumours of high maintanence or convinced only a professional can do it correctly when we recieved a high volumn of pruning requests with our business
Here i have simplified it for you DIY-rs because it was simplified for me. Now this only includes the pruning, not the over all care. Which is also quite simple really when explained in terms most can readily understand. If you want to know any further cutting techniques such as the espallier method, or want tips on the over all care of your rose, please dont be afraid to let me know in the comments or a message, and ill add another blog.
Pruning your roses or any flowering plant (this does not include fruits or vegetables. In a flowering only plant, the fruits of labor are the flowers); ensures full bloom the next season. How does this work? Taking off all the unnessary foiledge thats other wise wasting your plants nutrients. What is unnecessary?
DISCOLORED, SICKLEY, SPOTTED, DEAD, OR DYING BUDS, FLOWERS, STEMS ECT.
AND ANY unsatisfactory branches, like the thousands of skinny stems at the base of the plant.
We do this so the healthiest branches will come through, ensuring proper balance and nutrition for the rest of your plamt.
Dead heading is good any time (explained further). However a well rounded prunimg only once maybe twice is necessary.
The best time to prune your roses is in the spring and before winter. Right after the first and second bloom.
What and How:
Basic pruning before you retrain your plant (yes train your plant), is simple using the "dead head" method or removing all the dead, sickly foiledge first. Just take back the dead head of the rose, you can even use your hand; simple as that.
Two things ive learned:
1 EASY MAINTANENCE. Dead heading (taking or pulling off the rose) when you see that the rose is im decay , is best to do at first sign . to take it a step further, some believe pruning with your hand makes a connection that encourages your plant to bloom; And grow more. And in some ways, this is actually true. Ive seen it happen in my own where the plants seemed more encouraged when as soon as you see a dead flower, take it off with your hand.
2. Deep pruning , where there is lack of iron (yellowing of the leaves) , or black spots (compost prevents that for the next year by the way), got to go. It doesnt matter the angle of the cut using pruning clippers, shearers, or scissors; i only recomend cutting back to where the cluster of leaves almost doubles. You'll see clusters of three leaves where the flower was, three leaves, then. Further down the stem you will find five or more clusters. Cutting back to this point in only spring or end of summer, ensures clean healthy shoots of regrowth for the next season. We cut back to the larger cluster of leaves (not the base of the plant unless it is dying), because this is where the most nutrients are, and cut about 1/3 of the inch above the clusterd stem of leaves.
Why is this so important...those two things.....
Those dead flowers on your plant, or roses, are a potential seed.
its best to pull them when you can tell are about to go because they fall apart as soon as you touch them...or they go brown and fall to the ground, or even further there are no more petals, no ball showing growth of another flower, theyre done for.
Every dead flower is a potential seed waiting to be made, like a pregmamt woman making a baby, with roses especially, this creates a major hormonal imbalance quickly. The plant, once the flower is dead and still attached, will begin to create a ball, right under the old formation of the rose. Once this begins, the plant is under hormonal stress to reproduce, killing off your other roses quickly so it can make more seeds because existing and healthy are secondary to its reproduction .
Yes, its literally that dramatic for a rose. If it could noticably move and speak, it would be in a combative survival mode, in flight or fight and completely filled with anxiety; feeding as much nutrients as it can into its young so it can go dormant, or prepare for the worst so to speak. Maybe this is why people symbolise them as romantic ?
A roses purpose should be to thrive, excell, show off its sent and beauty and be the symbolic beauty its reputation has; blooming all season being self sufficient. When its trying to reproduce itself, literally nothing is more important and for most of that season it will stay in limbo or the limbs will start to die and no matter how much you feed or water it, it wont take it. s Reproduction is more important then itself, it goes into what i think a depression in a way, from im a beauty look at me, to im pregnant i might as well make sure theyre good its too late (this season) for me. And for the plant, though it sits their silently, its in high anxiety trying to make sure its strand survives.
If people reckognized plants as a living thing, because they are, even though they dont speak, it would be abuse because theyd complain about the baggage they have to show off next to their beauty.
But because they domt speak and we dont hear or feel any thing is going on we assume its fine.
Long story short:
You take off those dead flowers, the plant doesnt get the hormonal "time to reproduce im running out of time" message, and it just grows and blooms like it is supposed to, for some strands and climates, all year.
And believe it or not that is why the rose is considered high maintanence. Even though its really easy to just be observant and mindful to stop and smell the roses every now and again.
Hope this helped.